Place-based education: educational approaches and practices for sustainable development
Place-based learning refers to approaches that direct students' attention to local phenomena, problems and challenges, considering various socio-environmental aspects. Its purpose can be summed up as the development of a deep understanding of the world around them and the symbiotic relationship with it. This educational approach favors the approach and reflection on questions such as: How to generate and increase the commitment of students and teachers to their localities? What impacts are generated in their communities by promoting meaningful learning? How does awareness and appreciation of the territory promote attitudes towards good living and willingness to learn from ancestral knowledge and wisdom, which balances individual, community and nature? What strategies have been successful in integrating non-traditional local approaches to health and spirituality that dialogue, tension and feed the curriculum? There are a number of institutional, curricular and logistical challenges to implementing place-based education, which are often complex. Breaking the inertia of outdated and standardized educational practices, challenging belief systems regarding educational innovation and working with guardians and communities outside the establishment. Affront fears, insecurities and lack of disciplinary mastery to address these challenges, on how to develop skills, competencies and values through these practices, are just some of the issues that can be discussed in this area. In this sense, reflection on how educational approaches can contribute to a change of paradigm at different levels and types of education will be greatly appreciated.